50 Best Things to Do in Prague [with Tickets & Map]

Updated at  8. February 2024 from Gizem
50 Sehenswürdigkeiten in Prag

Prague is a unique city with medieval charm, a rich history and striking architecture that attracts millions of tourists every year.

From Gothic churches to a vibrant nightlife and a delicious food scene, the "Golden City" is a true gem of the Czech Republic.

If you're planning a trip to Prague and don't know where to start, don't worry! We've compiled a list of the 50 best things to do in Prague and included information on popular tickets, so you can plan your perfect itinerary. 

Read on and get ready to be inspired by the beauty of Prague!

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1. Prague Castle

Prager Burg, Prague, Czech Republic

An absolute highlight of any trip to Prague is the spectacular Prague Castle, dating back to the 9th century. Bohemian kings, Holy Roman Emperors, and Austrian Emperors once ruled and lived in the majestic complex of museums, churches, palaces, and parks.

As the largest enclosed castle area in the world, it holds countless sights. These include the Golden Lane, St. Vitus Cathedral, the Old Royal Palace, the Basilica of St. George, Daliborka Tower, Rosenberg PalaceSchwarzenberg PalaceLobkowicz Palace, the Holy Cross Chapel, and the National Gallery in Sternberg Palace.

The highlight of the Prague Castle is the ceremonial changing of the castle guard, which takes place daily at 12 noon with great pomp and marching music in the Square of Honor. Also noteworthy is the lighting of the castle in the evening, which particularly emphasizes the architectural splendor.

  • Avoid the lines and make the most of your time - buy your Skip the Line Ticket now and explore Prague Castle at your own pace!

2. Charles Bridge

Karlsbrücke in Prague

One of the most famous landmarks in Prague is the Charles Bridge, about 500 meters long, whose foundation stone was ordered by Charles IV in 1357. It is considered to be one of the oldest stone bridges in Europe and connects the Old Town with the Lesser Town of Prague. Numerous stalls, musicians and artists are part of the hustle and bustle of Charles Bridge. Walking across the world-famous bridge - a classic must-do in Prague - allows you to get a close-up look at the 30 masterful sculptures that line the Charles Bridge.

  • Tip: According to legend, touching the figure of a dog located at the figure of St. Nepomuk is said to bring good luck.

3. St. Vitus Cathedral

Veitsdom in Prague

An absolute must-see in Prague is the imposing St. Vitus Cathedral, which dominates Prague Castle. The cathedral is the cathedral of the Archbishopric of Prague as well as the largest church in the Czech Republic.

In addition to the grandiose Gothic architecture, the interior of the cathedral will also delight you. It contains tombs of Czech kings, the Prague Cathedral treasury, the coronation insignia, and the Wenceslas Chapel decorated with golden stucco. Climbing the 99-meter main tower is rewarded with a sensational view of Prague's rooftops.

  • Tip: The entrance area of the sacred building can be visited free of charge. The rest, however, is subject to a fee.
  • Check the Best Prague Medieval Dinner Ticket Options

4. Golden Lane

Goldenes Gässchen in Prague

Probably the most famous street in Prague is the Golden Lane. The "Alchemist's Alley", as it is also called, is part of Prague Castle and charges entrance fees. It owes its name to the houses that were built here in the 16th century for the emperor's guards, and later served goldsmiths and alchemists.

One of the most famous houses is the one with the number 22, where the writer Franz Kafka lived. Today, the historical and colorful houses are home to souvenir stores, cafes, craft stores, and exhibitions from the Middle Ages, including the armor exhibition.

  • Tip: After 18:00, the Golden Lane can be visited free of charge. However, all buildings are closed after 18:00.

5. Old Royal Palace

Alter Königspalast in Prague

Also part of the Prague Castle complex is the Old Royal Palace. In the former residence of Bohemian princes and kings, visitors today will find a permanent exhibition on the history of Prague Castle. The highlight of the Old Royal Palace is the stunning Vladislav Hall, which served representative purposes.

Also notorious is the chamber where the Second Defenestration of Prague took place. In this historic event, which triggered the Thirty Years War, the Catholic royal governors, as well as the chancery secretary were thrown out of the window by Czech Protestant aristocrats.

6. Wenceslas Square

Wenzelsplatz in Prague

Wenceslas Square in the heart of the city is one of the largest squares in Europe as well as a popular meeting place for both locals and tourists. Originally, the square functioned as a horse market. The square is also known as the site of large demonstrations, such as the "Velvet Revolution" of 1989.

Today, Wenceslas Square attracts countless visitors with its shopping opportunities as well as numerous cafes, restaurants, bars, clubs, and hotels. It is also home to the National Museum and the monument of St. Wenceslas, the patron saint of Wenceslas Square.

7. Old Town Square

Altstädter Ring in Prague

Visitors to the Old Town Square come across a wealth of attractions. On the central square of Prague's Old Town you will find the Old Town Hall with the famous Astronomical Clock, the Jan Hus Monument, Teyn Church, and the Church of St. Nicholas. There are also numerous restaurants.

The Old Town Square is also a popular venue for events. Especially popular is the Christmas market, which invites you every year to enjoy the Christmas magic.

8. Old Town Hall and Astronomical Clock

Altstädter Rathaus in Prague

The Old Town Hall with its Astronomical Clock is one of the main attractions in Prague. The Town Hall, built in 1338 to house the administration of the Old Town, has a 70-meter tower. On it is the world-famous Astronomical Clock, which attracts people from all over the world with its spectacle every hour on the hour. Although one should not expect too much from the spectacle, where 12 apostles make their rounds. The Astronomical Clock with its figures is a popular photo spot.

The Gothic tower can also be visited. It offers a breathtaking view of the New Town of Prague.

  • Don't miss out on the chance to see one of the world's oldest and most beautiful clocks. Get your tickets now!
Vyšehrad in Prague

Perched on a cliff above the Vltava River, Vyšehrad is a medieval fortress dating back to the 10th century. Here, visitors enjoy a more spectacular view of picturesque Prague. The Baroque fortress includes numerous treasures, such as the Romanesque Rotunda of St. Martin, the neo-Gothic Church of St. Peter and Paul, and the underground casemates. The Vyšehrad Cemetery serves as the final resting place of numerous artists, politicians, and scientists. According to legend, Vyšehrad is the oldest princely seat in Bohemia.

10. The Jewish Quarter

The Jewish Quarter in Prague, better known as Josefov or Josefstadt, is one of the best preserved Jewish quarters in Europe. The reason for this is the Nazi administrator of Prague during World War II, Reinhard Heydrich, planned to build a museum here for an "extinct race."

Several synagogues, such as the Old New Synagogue, the Old Jewish Cemetery, and the Jewish Museum, bear witness to the life of Jews in the former ghetto. Guided tours of the historic district offer a glimpse of Prague's Jewish heritage and are extremely popular.

11. Old Jewish Cemetery

Jüdischer Friedhof in Prague

The Old Jewish Cemetery is one of the most famous cemeteries in Europe. It has its origins in the 15th century. At that time, Jews had to live in the Josefov quarter, but the cemetery could not be expanded, so there were space problems when burying the deceased Jews. Thus, over the centuries, the deceased were buried in layers on top of each other, which resulted in the almost hilly landscape of today.

It is believed that the cemetery is the final resting place of more than 100,000 people. 12,000 gravestones still stand in the 1000 m² area.

12. Jewish Museum

Jüdisches Museum, Prague, Czech Republic

The Jewish Museum, founded in 1906 in Josefov, offers visitors insight into the history, life, and customs, as well as traditions of the Jewish communities from Bohemia and Moravia. The extensive collection consists of one of the most detailed collections of literature on Judaism in the world. The museum also includes the Old Jewish Cemetery, the Robert Guttmann Gallery, the Ceremonial Hall, Maisel Synagogue, Pinkas Synagogue, the Spanish Synagogue, and Klausen Synagogue, which are managed by the museum. The museum offerings are enriched by changing thematic exhibitions, as well as musical events.

13. Old New Synagogue

Alt-Neu Synagoge in Prague

The Old New Synagogue in the Jewish Quarter is considered to be the oldest preserved synagogue in Central Europe. As a special relic of the Prague ghetto, the main synagogue of Prague's Jewish community is one of the rarest and thus most significant Jewish monuments in Europe.

Over the centuries, the 13th-century Gothic building has survived numerous hardships such as fires, pogroms, and sieges, giving rise to the legend that the synagogue is protected by angels.

14. Jerusalem Synagogue

Jerusalem Synagoge in Prague

The Jerusalem Synagogue is distinguished by its extraordinary architecture. This architectural jewel, which has an oriental-Moorish style, is located in the New Town, not far from the railroad station. The synagogue was designed by architect, Wilhelm Stiassny, and inaugurated in 1906.

15. National Museum Prague

Nationalmuseum Prag

At the end of Wenceslas Square is the National Museum of Prague. It is the largest and oldest museum in the Czech Republic. The magnificent main building houses exhibits on the history of the Czech Republic, Bohemia, and Moravia, as well as exhibitions on zoology, mineralogy, and anthropology. The old part of the museum is supplemented by a new building.

16. Powder Tower

Pulverturm in Prague

Prague's Powder Tower is perched on Republic Square on the edge of the Old Town. The 65-meter-high tower in the late Bohemian Gothic style was part of the old royal fortifications. The name comes from the gunpowder that was stored here until the end of the 17th century.

Those who climb the approximately 100 steps can look forward to a magnificent view of Prague's New Town. Inside the tower, visitors can also see a small exhibition on the history of the ornate structure.

17. Boat tours on the Vltava River

Bootsrundfahrten auf der Moldau, Prague, Czech Republic

One of the most popular attractions in Prague is definitely a Vltava River cruise. Various tours are offered, during which you can admire the highlights of the city from the water. From panoramic river cruises to sightseeing dinner cruises, everything is included.

18. Strahov Monastery

Strahov Kloster in Prague

Founded in 1143, Strahov Monastery houses a magnificently furnished Baroque library that houses over 200,000 volumes, artifacts, and curiosities. The monastery, near Prague Castle, is also home to a brewery said to brew the best beer in the Czech Republic. Visitors can find out if the beer is as good as numerous surveys confirm in the monastery's beer garden.

19. Clementinum

Clementinum in Prague

The Clementinum is a former Jesuit college. The imposing Baroque-style building now serves as the Czech National Library and features grandiose decorations, masterful frescoes, and magnificent rooms such as the Library Hall and the Hall of Mirrors. The Baroque Church of St. Clement and the world's oldest Mozart memorial are also part of the Clementinum.

20. Petrin Hill & Lookout Tower

Was kann ich auf dem Petrin Hügel machen

The 318-meter-high Petrin Hill offers breathtaking views of Prague as well as several attractions, including idyllic gardens, the medieval St. Lawrence Church, and Petrin Lookout Tower. The climb up the hill itself is quite an experience, as you can get to Petrin Hill either on foot or by cable car. Once you reach the top, the 61-meter-high Petrin Lookout Tower, modeled after the Eiffel Tower in Paris, awaits you. As the highest vantage point in Prague, it provides a unique panorama.

21. Dancing House

Tanzendes Haus in Prague

An extraordinary architectural gem is the Dancing House on the banks of the Vltava River. Nicknamed "Ginger and Fred" - a reference to the legendary dancer couple - the modern structure has become one of Prague's landmarks. It owes its fame primarily to Instagram, as one of the city's most popular photo spots, it's hard to imagine social media without it. The first floor of the Dancing House, which functions primarily as an office building, houses a small gallery of contemporary works.

22. National Technical Museum

Technisches Nationalmuseum, Prague, Czech Republic

Founded in 1908, the National Technical Museum is located near Letná Park. It extensively documents the development of technology, industry and natural sciences in the region. 14 permanent exhibits cover topics such as astronomy, timekeeping, transportation, acoustics, architecture, and more.

  • Immerse yourself in the world of science and technology with the National Technical Museum Entry Ticket with a short introduction to the museum. Get your tickets today!

23. Prague Beer Culture

Prager Bierkultur

Prague's beer scene and Czech beers, like Pilsner and Budweiser are legendary. The city has a very special relationship with the golden brew, which is evident not only in the many breweries, food culture, and nightlife, but also in many attractions that offer beer-related curiosities. In addition to the well-known beer tours, for example, there is also a beer spa, a beer museum, city tours by beer bike, and even airport transfers in a beer bus.

Popular Ticket Options

24. Bohemian Cuisine

Böhmische Küche genießen

In addition to the aforementioned beer, the Czech national drink, the country's traditional cuisine - Bohemian Cuisine - also offers culinary highlights. Some of the most famous traditional Czech dishes are dumplings, goulash, "Bohemian soup", roast pork, and similar meat dishes, which you can taste cheaply in U Parlamentu restaurant, near the Jewish Quarter.

Currently, there is real hype about the chimney cake or Trdelnik, which used to be found only at Christmas markets or in street stalls. The sweet pastry tastes best at the Good Food Coffee and Bakery on Karlov Lane in front of Charles Bridge.

25. Hradcany

Prager Burg

Hradcany is the historical district on the castle hill of Prague. The main attraction in Hradcany is undoubtedly the imposing Prague Castle. But other sights such as Loreto Square with the Loreto Chapel and the Santa Casa, a Capuchin monastery, and aristocratic palaces, as well as beautiful gardens and cafes also welcome visitors. The historical ambience is ideal for long walks.

26. Statue of Franz Kafka

In Prague's Jewish Quarter, visitors come across the modern statue of Franz Kafka. The sculpture is nearly 11 meters high and sits enthroned in front of the Quadrio shopping center. It depicts the head of the eminent Czech writer. The artwork by David Černý consists of 42 panels that rotate individually, causing the statue to constantly change.

27. Museum of Communism

Museum des Kommunismus,, Prague, Czech Republic

The Museum of Communism gives visitors an authentic look at life in the Czech Republic during the communist era from the February 1948 coup to November 1989, and is located near Wenceslas Square and Old Town Square.

The violent suppression of the Prague Spring, censorship, secret police, propaganda, repression of the population, and much more is vividly portrayed. Original objects as well as walk-in, authentically recreated rooms such as an interrogation room, a classroom, and a study tell about everyday life in the totalitarian regime.

28. John Lennon Wall

John Lennon Wall in Prague

The John Lennon Wall not far from Charles Bridge is considered to be a significant political symbol in the Czech Republic. What began as a place of mourning after John Lennon's death in 1980, it gradually evolved into a silent protest against the communist government and a call for more freedom. Young students spray-painted a portrait of John Lennon, as well as song lyrics and pictures of the Beatles on the wall for this purpose, which led to clashes with security police and arrests.

29. Prague Zoo

Zoo Prag

Covering an area of 58 hectares, the Prague Zoo is the largest zoo in the country. It is located on a magnificent area in the city's Troy district, which is crisscrossed by streams and waterways. This fact contributes significantly to the fact that the zoo is one of the most beautiful animal parks in the world. Over 650 species of animals, including endangered species, are at home in the Prague Zoo. The main attractions include the Indonesian jungle, the Africa House, and the Valley of the Elephants.

30. Loreto in Prague

Prague's Loreto stands on Hradčany Hill. The Baroque building complex from the 17th century is a pilgrimage site. It includes a Capuchin monastery, Loreto Chapel, the Church of the Nativity of Christ, and the Holy House. Note worthy is the treasury with valuable paintings and jewels, as well as the carillon consisting of 30 bells.

31. Classical Concerts

Klassische Konzerte in Prague

Another tourist magnet in Prague is classical concerts. The Czech capital has long been considered the center of classical music. Not only the Czech national composer Smetana, famous for the play "The Vltava", but also the premieres of Mozart's operas, Don Giovanni and Figaro, made classical music in Prague popular among both locals and tourists from all over the world. Numerous concert halls, churches, palaces, opera houses, and theaters offer outstanding classical concerts in a breathtaking atmosphere.

32. Havelske Trziste Market

Also worth a detour is Havel Market, the only surviving market in the Old Town. It dates back to 1232 and is located between Wenceslas Square and the Old Town Square. The market is popular with locals and tourists alike. In addition to fresh fruits and vegetables, there are also countless traditional souvenirs, handicrafts, textiles, and Czech specialties.

33. Nightlife in Prague

Nightlife, Prague, Czech Republic

When you think of Prague, you inevitably think of its world-famous nightlife. Whether it's legendary parties, bachelor parties, pub crawls, or a social evening in a pub, the party capital fulfills every nightlife wish. Especially popular for partying are the clubs and bars in Prague's Old Town.

34. Thermal Baths, Wellness, and Spas

Wellness-Tag in Prague

The Czech Republic is also ideal for a wellness vacation, as the country is also known for its healing springs. Numerous health resorts, as well as spas and thermal baths can be visited in the region.

The spa town of Teplice with the Teplice v Čechách spa, the oldest spa in Bohemia, can be reached from Prague in just 90 minutes by public transport. Alternatively, many Prague hotels offer wellness packages.

35. Day Trip to Český Krumlov

If you have a little extra time, you should use it to visit the medieval town of Český Krumlov (Krumlov on the Vltava River). This UNESCO World Heritage Site enchants with sights such as the picturesque Old Town, the magnificent St. Vitus Church, and Český Krumlov Castle.

36. Day Trip to Kutná Hora

Another fascinating town that is perfect for a day trip is Kutná Hora, 73 km east of Prague. The town's absolute tourist magnet is the macabre Bone Chapel in Sedletz Ossuary, which is decorated with countless human bones. Also worth seeing is the medieval town center with the Cathedral of St. Barbara.

  • Discover the eerie beauty of Kutná Hora and the famous Ossuary on a guided tour from Prague. And the best part? Kids can join for free! Book your tour now.

37. Day Trip to  Terezín Concentration Camp

For those interested in history, we recommend a visit to the Terezín Memorial, just an hour's drive from Prague. This was the site of the largest concentration camp in the Czech Republic - a center of Nazi terror. Visitors can learn more about the history of the place, the tragic fate of thousands of Jews, as well as about the Second World War and its effects in.

38. Basilica of St. George

St. Georgs Basilika in Prague

The Basilica of St. George is part of the Prague Castle. It was built in 920 and is the second oldest church in Prague, as well as one of the oldest preserved parts of Prague Castle. As the best preserved Romanesque building in Bohemia, the Basilica of St. George is considered one of the most important Romanesque monuments in the whole country.

39. Rudolfinum

Rudolfinum in Prague

The Rudolfinum is a concert building and the seat of the Czech Philharmonic Orchestra. It is located in Prague's Old Town. Opened in 1885, the Rudolfinum features the Neo-Renaissance architecture and is impressive both from the outside and the inside.

40. Vltava Island Kampa

Moldauinseln in Prague

Vltava Island Kampa enchants its visitors with idyllic natural landscapes, historical buildings, and charming alleys. Not without reason, it is also called the "Venice of Prague". The magic of the Vltava Island can best be experienced during a boat trip on the Vltava River, passing by many of Prague's sights. However, a walk is also an excellent way to experience it.

41. Speculum Alchemiae Alchemy Museum

Museum der Alchemisten und Magie des alten Prag oder Speculum Alchemiae

The Speculum Alchemiae Alchemy Museum in Prague's Jewish Quarter highlights the history of alchemy. It is housed in an old 16th-century alchemist's laboratory that was only recently rediscovered during renovations. Visitors can take a look at the historic Rudolfin Alchemy Workshop and learn more about the mystery of alchemy and magic

42. National Theater

Nationaltheater in Prague

Located directly on the Vltava River, the National Theater delights with its breathtaking location. But the imposing neo-Renaissance building itself also gives reason to marvel. Opened in 1881, the National Theater is one of the most important cultural institutions in the Czech Republic. The program includes ballet, opera, and drama.

43. Agnes Monastery

Agneskloster in Prague

Agnes Monastery in Prague's Old Town dates from the 13th century. It was endowed by St. Agnes of Bohemia. Worth seeing is the church of St. Francis with the tomb of King Wenceslas I and the sanctuary of Salavatos.

Since 2000, a permanent exhibition from the National Gallery has presented medieval sacred art in Bohemia and Central Europe. The former monastery complex is also a popular venue for classical concerts.

44. Žižkov Television Tower

Fernsehturm Zizkov in Prague

Prague's Žižkov television tower, which rises proudly from the district with the same name, is open to the public. With a height of 216 meters, it is one of the tallest buildings in the Czech capital. An observation deck at 95 meters and a restaurant at 63 meters offer spectacular views.

45. Franz Kafka Museum

Franz Kafka Museum, Prague, Czech Republic

The Franz Kafka Museum is located not far from Charles Bridge. It deals with the important writer Franz Kafka, who lived and worked in Prague. The museum is divided into two parts: the "Existential Space" and the "Imaginary Topography" sections. In addition to his works, the museum also documents personal items from the life of the eccentric writer, including photographs, diary pages, drawings, and letters. Also worth seeing is the fountain in the museum's courtyard with the infamous sculpture by David Černý.

46. Christmas Markets in Prague

The magical Christmas markets in Prague are always a very special experience. Some of the most beautiful Christmas markets in Prague and all of Europe are the markets in Old Town Square, Prague Castle, and Wenceslas Square. With their atmospheric ambience, delicious honey wine and Czech tree cakes, the pre-Christmas period is a wonderful time to enjoy.

47. Metronome

The Prague Metronome in Letná Park sits atop the remaining base of the Stalin Monument, destroyed in 1962. The artistic installation, which represents a giant pendulum, was erected by Vratislav Karel Novák in 1991. The area around the Metronome is used as a skate park and provides a magnificent view of the Old Town and the Jewish Quarter.

48. Kampa Museum

Kampa Museum is a private modern art gallery and one of the top museums in Prague. It is located on Kampa Island in the former Sova Mills. On display are works by Czech, Polish, and Slovak artists, as well as those from the former Yugoslavia. Some of the most famous representatives are František Kupka and Otta Gutfreund.

49. Shopping in Prague

Prag Shopping Guide

The Czech capital is a true shopper's paradise! Visitors can enjoy not only a wide range of different offerings, but also comparatively cheaper products. One of the most popular shopping centers is Palladium with 200 stores in the center of Prague. Also pay a visit to the Na Příkopě shopping street and Havel Market, mentioned earlier.

50. Letna Park

Letna Park in Prague

The sprawling Letná Park offers Prague travelers a welcome respite from the hustle and bustle of the city. It is perfect for a stroll, a picnic in the greenery, and to unwind.

The park is especially popular with local youngsters, who hang out here in the skate park in front of the Metronome. Apart from the view, this is also immediately the main attraction: where a huge statue of Stalin once stood, the Prague Metronome now swings.


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